<form id="lwufo"><acronym id="lwufo"></acronym></form>
          Log in
          E-mail
          Password
          Remember
          Forgot password ?
          Become a member for free
          Sign up
          Sign up
          New member
          Sign up for FREE
          New customer
          Discover our services
          Settings
          Settings
          Dynamic quotes 
          OFFON

          MarketScreener Homepage  >  News  >  Economy & Forex  >  All News

          News : Economy & Forex
          Latest NewsCompaniesMarketsEconomy & ForexCommoditiesInterest RatesBusiness LeadersFinance Pro.CalendarSectors 
          All NewsEconomyCurrencies / ForexCryptocurrenciesEconomic EventsPress releases

          India's farmers gather record wheat crop, but cannot move it

          share with twitter share with LinkedIn share with facebook
          05/15/2020 | 12:12pm EDT
          Workers load sacks of wheat onto a supply truck at the Gharaunda Grains Market in Karnal

          By Mayank Bhardwaj

          Late last month, Sukrampal had to beg and borrow farmhands from nearby villages to gather his part of the country's largest-ever wheat harvest in Haryana state near New Delhi.

          Now the 50-year-old Indian farmer has a bigger problem: how to sell his crops when the three wholesale grain markets serving growers in his hometown of Gharaunda, near the heart of what is known as India's breadbasket, are operating with a skeleton staff.

          The country-wide lockdown, introduced in late March to stem the spread of the new coronavirus, has led to a labour shortage across rural India, crimping the harvest and preventing the bagging and movement of it.

          The largest crop gathered globally during the pandemic, which is worth more than $26 billion, according to traders, may serve as a test case for other harvests coming up around the world, including Brazil's main sugarcane and coffee harvests and Southeast Asia's second rice harvests. India is the world's second-largest producer and consumer of wheat behind China.

          Graphic: India's wheat harvest expected to top 100 mln tonnes for first time this season -

          For Sukrampal, the matter is urgent. He risks spoiling the whole lot if he does not move his produce within the next few days, before the next round of wet weather, as he struggles to keep the moisture content in the wheat below 13% to 14%. Above that, grain is less attractive to buyers and will fetch a lower price. If it gets too wet, it will be worthless.

          The lockdown has severely hit India's more than 7,000 wholesale food markets, which are the only channel for getting food supplies to India's 1.3 billion inhabitants.

          "Nearly 90% of labourers aren't around. Last season, there were about 5,000 labourers, and this season there are only 500," said Radhe Shyam, a commission agent at the Gharaunda Grains Market. "We haven't seen anything like this before."

          India's wheat farmers sell their grain exclusively by law at these wholesale markets to commission agents, which sell it on to state buyers and private traders. The commission agents usually employ armies of labourers to unload, clean, weigh, pack and re-load millions of wheat sacks onto tractor trolleys that then ferry it to government and private warehouses.

          This year, those bustling bourses have emptied, severing the food supply chain in the world's second-most populous country and slashing earnings for millions of migrant labourers who have had to sit out one of the most lucrative periods on the crop calendar when they normally would make up to half their annual income.

          STAGGERED SALES

          To accommodate the dearth of workers, marketing agents have been forced to stretch out their wheat procurement period from the usual 20 to 30 days to more than two and a half months.

          That has cut the daily flow of farmers bringing crops to wholesale markets to about a tenth of normal, commission agents said, raising the risk of spoilage.

          It also means delayed payments for growers, who say that will stop them from buying seeds and fertilizers for the next planting window that begins in June.

          Restrictions on movement have also delayed purchases by the Food Corporation of India (FCI) - India's state grain stockpiler and top buyer - and kept private traders away altogether, causing a purchasing bottleneck.

          That is generating an ever-growing pile of unsold, poorly stored grain that will spoil quickly.

          At 107.18 million tonnes, this year's Indian winter wheat crop is second only to China's projected 133.5 million-tonne wheat haul in 2019-2020, which is split between spring and winter wheat varieties and is gathered in two separate harvests.

          India's growers are ill-equipped to hold on to such volumes for long, as unlike their western peers most have no on-site storage facilities.

          "We don't have any means to store wheat. After a recent spell of rains and hails, I'm worried about the quality of my crop," said Sukrampal, who has left a pile of wheat in the open air on his five-acre plot.

          Nearly 85% of India's farmers own less than five acres of land, so even relatively small crop losses, or any delay in payments, can affect their livelihoods.

          In addition, farmers say this year's staggered sales schedule to marketing agents means they will have difficulties repaying bank loans, which are also due at this time of year and tied to the annual preparations for summer sowing.

          LOST LABOUR

          Last month, in the Karnal district of Haryana, Reuters witnessed three wholesale markets which appeared almost deserted because of the absence of migrant workers, who come mainly from poverty-stricken states such as Bihar and Jharkhand in India's east. But the lockdown, which took effect from March 25, prevented them from making their annual trips to the Haryana-Punjab wheat belt for harvest.

          Migrant workers can earn about half their annual income of roughly 30,000 rupees ($394.72) during the wheat harvest, which normally tides them over until they return to the crop belts for the rice harvest in October, commission agents and market officials say.

          Missing out on that payday means rural spending will likely dip in the coming months.

          "Since there's hardly any sale, I've started working as a labourer to compensate for my losses," said Rakesh Kumar, a tea stall owner at a grains market.

          BUYER BREAKDOWN

          With private traders largely absent from the market due to the lockdown, industry experts say they expect the FCI to buy a large proportion of the wheat crop, adding to India's already-bloated multi-billion dollar food subsidy spending.

          The FCI is already saddled with massive crop mounds from last season and will not have enough room to store much new season wheat, according to industry experts. That raises the prospect of rotting crops even as thousands die from malnutrition-related illnesses each year in India.

          Wheat stocks at FCI warehouses on April 1, when the new marketing year began, totalled 24.7 million tonnes, according to government data, more than three times the government-fixed target, and roughly a quarter of India's annual demand.

          The FCI buys wheat from farmers at a guaranteed price to give them an assured return and meet any shortfall due to unfavourable weather conditions.

          If the FCI ends up buying more than 37 to 40 million tonnes of wheat this year, its granaries will overflow by June, said Amit Takkar, chief of brokerage Conifer Commodities.

          The government will struggle to export much of that, as the fixed domestic prices have pushed Indian wheat prices about $35 a tonne above the world market, according to industry experts.

          ($1 = 76.00 rupees)

          (Reporting by Mayank Bhardwaj in GHARAUNDA, India; Editing by Gavin Maguire and Bill Rigby)

          Stocks mentioned in the article
          ChangeLast1st jan.
          BYD COMPANY LIMITED -8.87% 72.45 End-of-day quote.86.49%
          EURO / US DOLLAR (EUR/USD) 0.01% 1.1656 Delayed Quote.3.41%
          LAND CO., LTD. -10.00% 9 End-of-day quote.-25.00%
          PROSPECT CO., LTD. -2.70% 36 End-of-day quote.24.14%
          ROUGH RICE FUTURES (ZR) - CBE (ELECTRONIC)/C1 -0.25% 11.805 End-of-day quote.-9.90%
          WHEAT FUTURES (W) - CBR (FLOOR)/C1 1.89% 539.5 End-of-day quote.-3.45%
          WORLD CO., LTD. -1.33% 1409 End-of-day quote.-47.64%
          share with twitter share with LinkedIn share with facebook
          Latest news "Economy & Forex"
          01:06aLUIS DE GUINDOS : 營nterview with El Independiente
          PU
          12:42aCoronavirus deaths hit ArcelorMittal plant in Mexico - union
          RE
          12:38aMalaysia's mega 1MDB scandal that brought down a prime minister
          RE
          12:36aMalaysia faces crucial graft test as Najib?s first 1MDB verdict looms
          RE
          07/25Joint EU debt must not become a regular thing - Germany's Weidmann
          RE
          07/25BANK OF JAMAICA : Results for GOJ Issue July 24 2020
          PU
          07/25Argentina says it will not raise 'last' debt offer, willing to tweak legal terms
          RE
          07/25Trump administration backs partial extension of jobless benefits through year's end
          RE
          07/25FSC MEDIA RELEASE : Ninth Annual FSC Life Insurance Conference pdf
          PU
          07/25Mainland China reports 46 new coronavirus cases, including 22 in Xinjiang
          RE
          Latest news "Economy & Forex"
          官方真人棋牌游戏平台